Odessa is a village in Schuyler County, New York, United States.
Odessa is located at 42°20′11″N 76°47′21″W / 42.33639°N 76.78917°W / 42.33639; -76.78917 (42.336328, -76.789069).
Odessa is at the junction of Routes County Roads 7 and 15 and New York State Route 224 and New York State Route 228. The village is south of the south end of Seneca Lake.
As of the census of 2010, there were 591 people, 246 households, and 164 families residing in the village. The population density was 509.1 people per square mile (196.9/km²). There were 261 housing units at an average density of 215.4 per square mile (83.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.60% White, 0.81% African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.62% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.46% of the population.
There were 246 households out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the village, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $41,250, and the median income for a family was $51,429. Males had a median income of $27,969 versus $27,143 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,639. About 8.8% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.0% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.