Otselic is a town in Chenango County, New York, United States, situated on the north border of Chenango County, northwest of the city of Norwich. The population of the town was 1,054 at the 2010 census. The town is named after a river flowing through it, the Otselic, which is an Oneida word for “place of wild plums”. The Otselic valley is the predominant geographic feature in the town, connecting it to the surrounding region north and south.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 38.0 square miles (98.5 km), of which 38.0 square miles (98.4 km) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.2 km), or 0.18%, is water.
Over 10 square miles (26 km) or about 7,000 acres (2,800 ha) are state-owned forest lands dedicated to the production of forest products and open to the public for forest-related recreation such as hunting, camping, fishing, hiking and cross country skiing.
The highest altitude is just over 2,000 feet (610 m) above sea level along the south town line, rising from the lowest elevation of about 1,200 feet (370 m) at the bottom of the Otselic Valley.
The north town line is the border of Madison County.
The Otselic River (sometimes “Otselic Creek”) runs through the town and later flows into the Tioughnioga River as part of the Susquehanna River watershed of Chesapeake Bay.
New York State Route 26 intersects New York State Route 80 at Otselic hamlet.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,054 people. Today’s population is about half of what it was in 1875.
356 households, and 259 families reside in the town. The population density was 26.3 people per square mile (10.2/km²). There were 484 housing units at an average density of 12.7 per square mile (4.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.70% White, 0.50% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.40% of the population.
There were 356 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 19.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the town, the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $32,308, and the median income for a family was $34,886. Males had a median income of $30,298 versus $20,625 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,105. About 11.2% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.9% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.