Oxford is a town in Chenango County, New York, United States. The town contains a village also named Oxford. Oxford is an interior town in the south-central part of the county, southwest of the city of Norwich. At the 2010 census the town population was 3,901. The name derives from that of the native town of an early landowner from New England
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 60.4 square miles (156.5 km), of which 60.1 square miles (155.6 km) is land and 0.35 square miles (0.9 km), or 0.58%, is water.
The Chenango River, a tributary of the Susquehanna River, flows southward through the town.
New York State Route 12 is a northeast-southwest highway through the town. New York State Route 220 intersects NY-12 in Oxford village.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,992 people, 1,440 households, and 1,035 families residing in the town. The population density was 66.4 people per square mile (25.7/km²). There were 1,800 housing units at an average density of 30.0 per square mile (11.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.72% White, 0.85% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.08% of the population.
There were 1,440 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.1% were non-families. 22.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the town, the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $33,024, and the median income for a family was $37,639. Males had a median income of $28,169 versus $21,380 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,149. About 9.4% of families and 13.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.