Palatine is a town in Montgomery County, New York, United States. The population was 3,240 at the 2010 census, the highest since the 1820s. The name is derived from the Palatinate in the Rhineland, the homeland of the Germans who were the earliest European settlers of this region.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 41.7 square miles (108 km), of which, 41.2 square miles (107 km) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km) of it (1.25%) is water.
The Mohawk River forms the south town line, and the north town line is the border of Fulton County, New York.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,070 people, 1,135 households, and 812 families residing in the town. The population density was 74.5 people per square mile (28.8/km²). There were 1,233 housing units at an average density of 29.9 per square mile (11.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.82% White, 0.62% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.07% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.49% of the population.
There were 1,135 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the town, the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $33,415, and the median income for a family was $40,284. Males had a median income of $27,745 versus $22,978 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,416. About 6.9% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.1% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.