Pawling is a town in Dutchess County, New York, United States. Its population was 8,463 at the 2010 census. The town is named after Catherine Pauling, the daughter of Henry Beekman, who held the second largest land patent in the county. A misprint caused the U to change to a W and the name stuck.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 45.0 square miles (117 km), of which 44.2 square miles (114 km) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km) (1.80%) is water.
The eastern and western section of the towns are high and hilly, with the Great Swamp and Harlem Valley in the middle, where the village of Pawling is located. The highest elevation in town is Observatory Hill, at 1,332 feet (406 m) above sea level; the lowest is 420 feet (130 m), in the Great Swamp along the south boundary of town.
Most of the population of Pawling is concentrated in the valley, traversed by NY 22 (joined by NY 55 south of the village) and Metro-North Railroad’s Harlem Line. There are two train stations in town, the Pawling station in the village and the Appalachian Trail station, allowing passengers to hike that trail up into the Pawling Nature Reserve along Hammersby Ridge in the northern section of town.
The south town line is the border of Putnam County, New York, and the east town line is the border of Connecticut. To the west lies the town of Beekman, with Dover to the north.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,521 people, 2,823 households, and 1,987 families living in the town. The population density was 170.2 people per square mile (65.7/km²). There were 3,101 housing units at an average density of 70.2 per square mile (27.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.43% White, 1.46% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.28% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.30% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.85% of the population.
There were 2,823 households out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the town, the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $61,380 and the median income for a family was $70,056. Males had a median income of $47,143 versus $35,063 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,043. About 1.7% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.2% of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over.
Pawling New York neighborhoods include: Central Quaker Hill, Deerfield Ponds, Harmony Woods, Pawling