Potter is a town in Yates County, New York, in the United States. The Town of Potter is located in the northwest part of the county and is south of Canandaigua, New York. The population was 1,865 at the 2010 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 37.2 square miles (96 km), all of it land. The north town line is the border of Ontario County. The town is located in the Finger Lakes region, north of Keuka Lake. New York State Route 247 intersects New York State Route 364 north of the hamlet of Potter Center.
Located in Potter is a 2,000-acre (8.1 km) muckland, which is primarily owned by Torrey Farms.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,830 people, 583 households, and 464 families residing in the town. The population density was 49.1 people per square mile (19.0/km²). There were 627 housing units at an average density of 16.8 per square mile (6.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.32% White, 0.44% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.60% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.58% of the population.
There were 583 households out of which 43.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.5% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.4% were non-families. 14.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.10 and the average family size was 3.42.
In the town, the age distribution of the population shows 34.9% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $42,784, and the median income for a family was $47,188. Males had a median income of $31,111 versus $22,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,696. About 8.6% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 2.7% of those age 65 or over.