Richfield Springs is a village located in the Town of Richfield, on the north-central border of Otsego County, New York. The population was 1,264 at the 2010 census. The name is derived from some local sulfur springs.
The village is at the north end of Canadarago Lake and is at the border of Herkimer County, New York.
Richfield Springs is located at 42°51′11″N 74°59′15″W / 42.85306°N 74.98750°W / 42.85306; -74.98750 (42.853065, -74.987623).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km), all of it land.
U.S. Highway 20, New York State Route 28, and New York State Route 167 converge on Richfield Springs. US 20 and NY 28 intersect outside the western end of the village limits and overlap for a brief time inside the village, while NY 167 has its southern terminus at US 20 in the center of the village.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,255 people, 536 households, and 324 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,259.2 people per square mile (484.6/km²). There were 619 housing units at an average density of 621.1 per square mile (239.0/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.02% White, 0.56% African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.88% Asian, 0.64% Pacific Islander, and 1.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.56% of the population.
There were 536 households out of which 22.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.4% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the village, the population was spread out with 20.7% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 22.1% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, and 23.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.3 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $30,170, and the median income for a family was $40,956. Males had a median income of $29,097 versus $20,455 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,865. About 7.1% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.1% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.