Richfield is a town located in Otsego County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a population of 2,388. The Town of Richfield is located at the northern border of the county.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 32.4 square miles (84 km), of which, 30.9 square miles (80 km) of it is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km) of it (4.72%) is water.
The north town line is the border of Herkimer County. The north end of Canadarago Lake is in the eastern part of the town. Hyder Creek enters the lake from the west. Ocquionis Creek and Mink Creek flow into the lake from the north, passing through Richfield Springs.
New York State Route 28 (NY 28) is a north-south highway passing the west shore of Canadarago Lake. NY 28 intersects US Route 20 at Richfield Springs. Also NY 167 has its southern terminus at US Route 20 in the center of Richfield Springs.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,423 people, 968 households, and 641 families residing in the town. The population density was 78.4 people per square mile (30.3/km²). There were 1,296 housing units at an average density of 41.9 per square mile (16.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.48% White, 0.37% African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.33% Pacific Islander, 0.04% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.37% of the population.
There were 968 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.6% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the town, the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 20.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $32,784, and the median income for a family was $41,050. Males had a median income of $29,479 versus $21,518 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,723. About 9.3% of families and 13.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.0% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.