Richford is a town in Tioga County, New York, United States. The population was 1,172 at the 2010 census. The town is named after Ezekial Rich, an early settler and benefactor of the town.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 38.2 square miles (99 km), of which, 38.2 square miles (99 km) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km) of it (0.05%) is water.
The West Branch of the Owego Creek forms the western border of the town while the East Branch runs along the eastern edge of the village itself at the base of Geer Hill. Several spring-fed ponds exist on the hilltops, especially at Clarks.
A large portion of the town is hills with many of the highest elevations (+1,400 ft) in the county. The highest elevation (1,994 ft) in Tioga County is within the town, an unnamed hill just to the north of the intersection of Creamery Rd and Robinson Hollow Rd in Robinson Hollow State Forest.
Richford lies on the southern edge of the snowbelt, averaging 82 inches (210 cm). It receives 40 inches (1,000 mm) of rain, and has, on average, 154 sunny days per year.
The western border is with Tompkins County. The north border is Cortland County, and the east border is Broome County. Berkshire lies to the south.
New York State Route 38 (north-south) intersects New York State Route 79 (east-west) at Richford village.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,170 people, 440 households, and 315 families residing in the town. The population density was 30.7 people per square mile (11.8/km²). There were 502 housing units at an average density of 13.2 per square mile (5.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.89% White, 0.17% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.09% Pacific Islander, and 0.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.77% of the population.
There were 440 households out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the town, the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $34,130, and the median income for a family was $38,750. Males had a median income of $28,661 versus $23,667 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,331. About 12.4% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.5% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.