Richmondville is a town in Schoharie County, New York, United States. The population was 2,610 at the 2010 census. The town name was adapted from the name of a post office in its territory.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 30.2 square miles (78.3 km²), of which, 30.2 square miles (78.2 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.10%) is water. Elevations within Richmondville range from 920 feet along the Cobleskill-Richmondville boundary at Cobleskill Creek to 2,160 feet near the junction of Cross Hill Road and Dodge Lodge Road in the southeastern corner of the town.
Interstate 88 passes across the town. Before I 88 New York State Route 10 was a north-south highway into the village of Richmondville. Now NYS Rt 10 bypasses the village to the east and intersects NYS RT 7 at an interchange with I-88. New York State Route 7 runs conjointly with NY-10 through part of Richmondville.
The west town line is the border of Otsego County
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,412 people, 968 households, and 686 families residing in the town. The population density was 79.9 people per square mile (30.8/km²). There were 1,141 housing units at an average density of 37.8 per square mile (14.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.81% White, 0.70% Black or African American, 0.50% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.83% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.58% of the population.
There were 968 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the town, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $34,761, and the median income for a family was $38,466. Males had a median income of $30,466 versus $22,738 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,188. About 5.5% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.