Rouses Point is a village in Clinton County, New York, United States, along the 45th parallel. The population was 2,209 at the 2010 census. The village is named after Jacques Roux, a French Canadian soldier who fought alongside the Americans during their war for independence. The village is on the western shore of Lake Champlain at the source of the Richelieu River. Also located in the northeastern corner of the town of Champlain, it is north of the city of Plattsburgh and less than one mile south of the Canada–United States border.
Rouses Point, located at 44°59′15″N 73°22′3″W / 44.98750°N 73.36750°W / 44.98750; -73.36750 (44.987531, -73.367634), is the northernmost village in New York in terms of the center of population.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.4 km), of which 1.8 square miles (4.6 km) is land and 0.73 square miles (1.9 km), or 29.18%, is water.
Rouses Point is a port of entry from Canada and is close to the Canada–United States border with Quebec. The village is on the western shore of Lake Champlain.
The village is located by the U.S. Route 2 and U.S. Route 11 intersection. U.S. 2 leads east across the Rouses Point Bridge into Vermont. New York State Route 9B enters the village from the south, and New York State Route 276 enters the village from the northwest.
The intersection of U.S. 2 and U.S. 11 is the western terminus of U.S. 2. Approximately 8/10ths of a mile to the north U.S. 11 ends at the Canada–U.S. border.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,277 people, 978 households, and 604 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,281.8 people per square mile (493.9/km²). There were 1,062 housing units at an average density of 597.8 per square mile (230.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.19% White, 0.70% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.36% of the population.
There were 978 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.2% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the village, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $39,167, and the median income for a family was $49,931. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $30,064 for females. The per capita income for the village was $20,539. About 6.8% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.2% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.