Russia is a U.S. town in Herkimer County, New York. The population was 2,587 at the 2010 census. The town is located in the northwest part of the county and is northeast of Utica.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 60.4 square miles (156.5 km), of which 57.0 square miles (147.5 km) are land and 3.5 square miles (9.0 km), or 5.72%, are water. Hinckley Reservoir, an impoundment on West Canada Creek, crosses the north-central part of the town. West Canada Creek forms the western boundary of the town (the border with Oneida County, south of the reservoir.
New York State Route 8 and New York State Route 28 converge at Poland village.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,487 people, 993 households, and 707 families residing in the town. The population density was 44.0 people per square mile (17.0/km²). There were 1,252 housing units at an average density of 22.1 per square mile (8.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.75% White, 0.32% African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.44% of the population.
There were 993 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the town, the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $35,588, and the median income for a family was $40,847. Males had a median income of $29,798 versus $20,968 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,563. About 12.1% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.8% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.