Schroon (/ˈskruːn/ SKROON) is a town in the Adirondack Park, in Essex County, New York, United States. The population was 1,654 at the 2010 census. The largest community in town is the hamlet of Schroon Lake, located at the north end of the lake of the same name.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 141.4 square miles (366.2 km), of which 132.7 square miles (343.6 km) is land and 8.7 square miles (22.6 km), or 6.17%, is water.
The southern line of Schroon is the border of Warren County. Schroon Lake (the water body) lies in both Essex and Warren counties.
The Adirondack Northway (Interstate 87) passes through the center of the town of Schroon. Access is from Exits 27 and 28. US Route 9 runs parallel to the Interstate. New York State Route 74, an east-west highway, intersects US-9 and the Interstate at Exit 28 west of Severance.
Schroon is approximately 240 miles (390 km) by highway north of New York City, 130 miles (210 km) south of Montreal, and 66 miles (106 km) southwest of Burlington, Vermont.
Schroon has an airfield with a 3,000-foot (910 m) runway that is capable of landing small- and medium-size private airplanes.
The Schroon River flows into the town across the north town line and flows out across the south town line towards the Hudson River.
In the town, there are many state hiking trails, some leading to the Hoffman Notch Wilderness area.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,759 people, 737 households, and 473 families residing in the town. The population density was 13.2 people per square mile (5.1/km²). There were 2,130 housing units at an average density of 16.0 per square mile (6.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was White,98.98% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.11% from other races, and 0.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.45% of the population.
There were 737 households out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the town, the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 18.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $29,054, and the median income for a family was $36,579. Males had a median income of $29,821 versus $20,298 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,302. About 8.5% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.3% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.