Scotia is a village in Schenectady County, New York, United States, incorporated in 1904. The population was 7,729 at the 2010 census. Scotia is part of the town of Glenville, and is connected with the city of Schenectady by the Western Gateway Bridge over the Mohawk River.
Scotia is on the north bank of the Mohawk River at 42°50′N 73°58′W / 42.833°N 73.967°W / 42.833; -73.967 (42.8313, -73.9654).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.6 km), of which 1.7 square miles (4.4 km) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km), or 5.82%, is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 7,729 people, 3,362 households, and 2,006 families residing in the village. The population density was 4,573.4 people per square mile (1,765.8/km²). There were 3,519 housing units at an average density of 2,082.2 per square mile (804/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 95.4% White, 1.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population.
Of 3,362 households, 30% included individuals under the age of 18, 42.1% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.3% were non-families, 33.7% were individuals living alone, and 13.1% were individuals age 65 or older living alone. The average household size was 2.3 and the average family size was 2.95.
The village population was composed of 23.1% under the age of 18, 3.3% from 18 to 20, 31% from 21 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.2 years. The female population was 51.6% and the male population was 48.4%.
In 2015, the estimated median income for a household in the village was $54,607, and the median income for a family was $75,182. Males had a median income of $54,364 versus $45,603 for females. The per capita income for the village was $26,853. An estimated 4.0% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 5.6% or over.