Solon is a town in Cortland County, New York, United States. The town had a total population of 1,079 as of the 2010 census. The name of the town comes from the Greek lawmaker Solon.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 29.7 square miles (77.0 km), of which 29.7 square miles (76.8 km) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km), or 0.26%, is water.
New York State Route 41 is an east-west highway in the town.
As of the year 2000 census, there were 1,108 people, 382 households, and 310 families residing in the town. The population density was 37.3 people per square mile (14.4/km²). There were 419 housing units at an average density of 14.1 per square mile (5.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.74% White, 0.09% African American, 0.72% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.81% of the population.
There were 382 households out of which 43.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.9% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.6% were non-families. 10.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the town, the population was spread out with 30.4% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 33.7% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $39,167, and the median income for a family was $36,875. Males had a median income of $27,143 versus $20,833 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,555. About 6.4% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.8% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.