Stanford is a town in the north-central part of Dutchess County, New York, United States. The population was 3,823 at the 2010 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 50.3 square miles (130.2 km), of which 49.7 square miles (128.6 km) is land and 0.66 square miles (1.7 km), or 1.29%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,544 people, 1,398 households, and 973 families residing in the town. The population density was 70.9 people per square mile (27.4/km²). There were 1,712 housing units at an average density of 34.2 per square mile (13.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.95% White, 1.52% African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.10% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.82% from other races, and 1.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.65% of the population.
There were 1,398 households out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the town, the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 30.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $54,118, and the median income for a family was $62,171. Males had a median income of $40,746 versus $30,625 for females. The per capita income for the town was $29,236. About 2.7% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.
Stanford New York neighborhoods include: Hunns Lake, Ohland Street, Shelley Hill, Stanford