Steuben is a town in Oneida County, New York, United States. The population was 1,110 at the 2010 census. The town is named after Baron von Steuben, a Prussian general who fought on the American side in the American Revolutionary War.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 42.7 square miles (111 km), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,172 people, 429 households, and 332 families residing in the town. The population density was 27.4 people per square mile (10.6/km²). There were 460 housing units at an average density of 10.8 per square mile (4.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.55% White, 0.51% African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, and 0.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.43% of the population.
There were 429 households out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.2% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.6% were non-families. 16.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the town, the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $41,136, and the median income for a family was $44,583. Males had a median income of $29,625 versus $21,635 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,385. About 8.4% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 14.0% of those age 65 or over.