Stratford is a town in Fulton County, New York, United States. The population was 610 at the 2010 census. The town is in the northwest corner of the county, northeast of the village of Dolgeville. It was named after Stratford, Connecticut.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 76.7 square miles (198.6 km), of which 74.9 square miles (193.9 km) is land and 1.8 square miles (4.6 km), or 2.34%, is water.
The north town line is the border of Hamilton County, and the west town line is the border of Herkimer County, partially delineated by East Canada Creek. The town is in the Adirondack Park.
New York State Route 29A is an east-west highway in Stratford.
As of the census of 2000, there were 640 people, 237 households, and 167 families residing in the town. The population density was 8.5 people per square mile (3.3/km²). There were 525 housing units at an average density of 7.0 per square mile (2.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.19% White, 1.09% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.31% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.56% of the population.
There were 237 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the town, the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 114.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $27,813, and the median income for a family was $33,125. Males had a median income of $26,103 versus $20,526 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,120. About 20.1% of families and 24.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.8% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.