Throop (/ˈtruːp/ TROOP) is a town in Cayuga County, New York, United States. The town is at the north city line of Auburn and is in the Finger Lakes region of New York. The population was 1,990 at the 2010 census. The town is named after former New York Governor Enos T. Throop, a resident of Cayuga County.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 18.7 square miles (48.4 km), of which 18.6 square miles (48.1 km) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km), or 0.59%, is water.
New York State Route 38 is a north-south highway in Throop.
The Owasco Outlet is a small river flowing northward through Throop from Owasco Lake towards the Seneca River.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,824 people, 700 households, and 539 families residing in the town. The population density was 97.8 people per square mile (37.8/km²). There were 731 housing units at an average density of 39.2 per square mile (15.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.85% White, 0.27% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 0.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.93% of the population.
There were 700 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.3% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.0% were non-families. 19.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the town, the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $46,065, and the median income for a family was $51,346. Males had a median income of $37,432 versus $24,758 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,799. About 1.3% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 2.1% of those age 65 or over.