Ticonderoga (/taɪkɒndəˈroʊɡə/) is a town in Essex County, New York, United States. The population was 5,042 at the 2010 census. The name comes from the Mohawk tekontaró:ken, meaning “it is at the junction of two waterways”.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 88.5 square miles (229.1 km), of which 81.4 square miles (210.9 km) is land and 7.0 square miles (18.2 km), or 7.93%, is water.
The town encompasses both the north end of Lake George and a portion of Lake Champlain near its southern end. The short, but rapidly flowing, La Chute River connects the two lakes. The east town line is the border of Vermont, and the south town line is the county line of Warren County and Washington County.
New York State Route 9N is a north-south highway. Another north-south highway, New York State Route 22, is partly conjoined with NY-9N in the town. New York State Route 74, an east-west highway, intersects NY-9N/NY-22 near Ticonderoga.
As of the census of 2010, there were 5,042 people, 2,028 households, and 1,352 families residing in the town. The population density was 63.2 people per square mile (24.4/km²). There were 2,581 housing units at an average density of 31.6 per square mile (12.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.08% White, 0.46% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, and 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.41% of the population.
There were 2,028 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the town, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $34,160, and the median income for a family was $41,992. Males had a median income of $35,896 versus $21,441 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,418. About 10.5% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.