Tioga is a town in Tioga County, New York, United States. The population was 4,871 at the 2010 census. The town is in the southwest part of the county and lies between Elmira and Binghamton. Tioga is in the Southern Tier District of New York.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 59.5 square miles (154 km), of which, 58.7 square miles (152 km) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km) of it (1.31%) is water.
The Susquehanna River forms the south town boundary. New York State Route 17C follows the course of the Susquehanna on its north bank.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,840 people, 1,849 households, and 1,362 families residing in the town. The population density was 82.5 people per square mile (31.8/km²). There were 2,041 housing units at an average density of 34.8 per square mile (13.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.95% White, 0.14% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population.
There were 1,849 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.3% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the town, the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $36,960, and the median income for a family was $46,650. Males had a median income of $27,169 versus $21,170 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,813. About 3.5% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.