Troupsburg is a town in Steuben County, New York, United States. The population was 1,126 at the 2000 census. The town is named after Robert Troup, an agent of the Pulteney Estate.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 61.3 square miles (159 km), of which, 61.2 square miles (159 km) of it is land and 0.02% is water.
The south town line is the border with Pennsylvania (Tioga County). The town is known for higher elevation than other towns in the county.
New York State Route 36 is a north-south highway in the town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,126 people, 380 households, and 283 families residing in the town. The population density was 18.4 people per square mile (7.1/km²). There were 497 housing units at an average density of 8.1 per square mile (3.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.87% White, 0.18% African American, 0.62% Asian, 1.15% from other races, and 0.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.24% of the population.
There were 380 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.2% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.46.
In the town, the population was spread out with 32.8% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $30,714, and the median income for a family was $37,159. Males had a median income of $25,761 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,982. About 14.3% of families and 19.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.3% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.