Unadilla is a town in Otsego County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a population of 4,392. The name is derived from an Iroquois word for “meeting place”. Unadilla is located in the southwest corner of the county, southwest of Oneonta. The Village of Unadilla is located in the southern part of the town. The mayor of Unadilla is Jim LaBella, as of June 6, 2018.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 46.6 square miles (120.8 km²), of which, 46.4 square miles (120.2 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²) of it (0.51%) is water. This includes the artificially created Buck Horn Lake.
New York State Route 7 intersects New York State Route 8 by Riverside. Interstate 88 passes briefly through the town at Unadilla village. The Unadilla River flows into the Susquehanna River at the southwest corner of the town, west of Riverside.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,548 people, 1,810 households, and 1,272 families residing in the town. The population density was 98.0 people per square mile (37.8/km²). There were 2,101 housing units at an average density of 45.3 per square mile (17.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.14% White, 0.86% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.21% of the population.
There were 1,810 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the town, the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $34,619, and the median income for a family was $40,556. Males had a median income of $29,817 versus $21,732 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,908. About 9.6% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.1% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.