Verplanck is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in the town of Cortlandt, Westchester County, New York. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 1,729. Both it and Verplanck’s Point derive their name from the activities of the Verplanck family, established in New Amsterdam by Abraham Isaacsen Verplanck in the 1630s.
Verplanck is located at 41°15′11″N 73°57′35″W / 41.25306°N 73.95972°W / 41.25306; -73.95972 (41.252930, -73.959664).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the hamlet has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km), of which 0.7 square miles (1.8 km) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km), or 11.54%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 777 people, 300 households, and 204 families residing in the hamlet. The population density was 1,121.1 per square mile (434.8/km²). There were 311 housing units at an average density of 448.7/sq mi (174.0/km²). The racial makeup of the hamlet was 95.88% White, 0.26% Asian, 2.19% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.82% of the population.
There were 300 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the hamlet the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.
The median income for a household in the hamlet was $36,548, and the median income for a family was $51,375. Males had a median income of $50,526 versus $27,250 for females. The per capita income for the hamlet was $19,842. About 20.2% of families and 21.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.8% of those under age 18 and 38.0% of those age 65 or over.