Volney is a town in Oswego County, New York, United States. The population was 5,926 at the 2010 census. The town was named after a French author Constantin François de Chassebœuf, comte de Volney who toured the area in 1808.
The west town border is marked by the Oswego River.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 49.2 square miles (127 km), of which, 48.3 square miles (125 km) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km) of it (1.73%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,094 people, 2,188 households, and 1,686 families residing in the town. The population density was 126.2 people per square mile (48.7/km²). There were 2,333 housing units at an average density of 48.3 per square mile (18.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.08% White, 0.26% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.69% of the population.
There are 2,188 households out of which 38.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.4% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.9% were non-families. 17.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the town, the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $43,532, and the median income for a family was $46,408. Males had a median income of $40,585 versus $25,974 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,029. About 3.9% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over.