Walden is the largest of three villages of the Town of Montgomery in Orange County, New York, United States. The population was 6,978 at the 2010 census. It has the ZIP Code 12586 and the 778 telephone exchange within the 845 area code. Walden is part of the Poughkeepsie−Newburgh−Middletown, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the larger New York−Newark−Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km), of which, 2.0 square miles (5.2 km) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km) of it (3.90%) is water.
The village’s most notable geographical feature is the Wallkill River, which flows from the south to the north across the village and divides one-third of it from the rest. Within the eastern portion, Tin Brook, the Wallkill’s major right tributary in New York, meanders across as well, forming part of the northern village boundary. There are two waterfalls and dams on the river within the village limits, known as the Great and Little Falls; and two auto bridges, the Walden Veterans’ Memorial Bridge (known colloquially as the High Bridge, which carries NY 52, known in the village as West Main Street) and Low (Oak Street) bridges).
The Wallkill goes through a small gorge between the two dams and loses approximately 60 feet (18 m) of elevation in the process. The surrounding topography in the village is correspondingly gentle rolling hills of this section of the Great Appalachian Valley between the higher rises of the Shawangunk Ridge, visible to the west from some sections of the village, and the Hudson Highlands to the southwest. The highest elevation is roughly 520 feet (158 m) above sea level along Overlook Road at the village’s western boundary; the lowest is 260 feet (79 m) along the Wallkill at the northern village line.
Walden’s growth began near the mills and later the knife-making plants, particularly the New York Knife Company, located on the steep east bank of the river just south of the Veterans’ Memorial Bridge (footings can still be seen on the slope today). The central business district of the village is today a few blocks to the east, along Main Street. Just to its south is the village hall and the main square. East Main Street, the section of 52 from the 208 junction to the village line, has seen many newer businesses locate there, including a small strip mall. There is also some scattered commercial presence along Orange Avenue (208 south of the junction), primarily professional office space. This parallels the village’s remaining industrial presence along the railroad line to the east, which at its northern terminus abuts downtown to the southeast. Walden’s other major commercial area is the Thruway Markets complex located along the river north of Oak Street, just south of the remains of the Walden Knife Company.
On the southern side of the village is the Fox Hill Bruderhof Community where about 250 community members live and work in their factories and the Plough Publishing House.
There are two schools, public Walden Elementary School on Orchard Street and Catholic Most Precious Blood near the northern village line along Ulster Avenue.
The village offers public parks and a walking trail.
Much of the remainder of the village is residential, with houses tending from modest and small near downtown, the river and railroad, to more expansive homes (such as the Victorians along the west side of Ulster Avenue) being found on the hills, newer development near the southwestern and eastern borders with the town, and 6 small apartment and townhouse complexes.
A large tract along the river south of the power station had remained undeveloped until very recently. A small area between McKinley Avenue, South Mountgomery Street and the river remains open, used for NYSEG’s purposes. On the other end of the village, the sewage treatment plant is also in the middle of an undeveloped area.
As of the census of 2010, there were 6,978 people, 2,473 households, and 1,577 families residing in the village. The population density was 3,129.6 people per square mile (1,208.1/km²). There were 2,352 housing units at an average density of 1,194.2 per square mile (461.0/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 78.9% White, 11% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 2.69% from other races, and 4.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.5% of the population.
There were 2,197 households out of which 40.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.29.
In the village, the population was spread out with 30.2% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $43,507, and the median income for a family was $49,316. Males had a median income of $37,929 versus $25,701 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,485. About 5.5% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.1% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.
Walden New York neighborhoods include: Coldenham, Montgomery, Orange Lake Rock Cut Rd, St Andrews, W Main