Waterville (called Ska-na-wis, “long swamp” by the Haudenosaunee) is a village in Oneida County, New York, United States. According to the 2010 census, its population was 1,583.
Waterville is located at 42°55′54″N 75°22′36″W / 42.93167°N 75.37667°W / 42.93167; -75.37667 (42.931591, -75.376538).
The Village of Waterville is on the border of the Town of Marshall and the Town of Sangerfield – two subdivisions of Oneida County, New York.
New York State Route 12 runs north-south through the center of town, where it intersects New York State Route 315. One mile south of the village, U.S. Route 20 runs east-west and intersects Route 12 in Sangerfield, New York.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km), all of it land except Big Creek, a tributary to the Oriskany Creek that runs through the center of town crossing under Sanger Avenue (Route 12) and paralleling Buell Avenue (Route 315). Rolling hills, farmland, and mixed forests are found in the surrounding area. Other nearby bodies of water include Chittening Pond, Bailey Lake, Gorton Lake, the Waterville Reservoirs (headwaters of Big Creek) and the Nine Mile Swamp.
The nearest city, Utica, New York, lies approximately fifteen miles north of the village. At 1,200 feet MSL, the village is at a higher elevation than Utica, which is located in the Mohawk River Valley. By Route 20, Waterville is approximately sixty miles east of Syracuse, NY and eighty miles west of Albany, NY.
To the east of the village is Tassel Hill, the highest point in Oneida County at 1,945 feet above sea level. Tassel hill is located in the Tassel Hill State Forest, which offers all-season recreational opportunities such as camping, hiking, biking, ATV-riding, and snowmobiling. Nearby is the Albert J. Woodford State Forest.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,721 people, 626 households, and 435 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,297.8 people per square mile (499.6/km²). There were 673 housing units at an average density of 507.5 per square mile (195.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.08% White, 0.46% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.81% of the population.
There were 626 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 16.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the village, the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 80.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 70.7 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $37,563, and the median income for a family was $46,761. Males had a median income of $32,009 versus $23,333 for females. The per capita income for the village was $17,219. About 8.6% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.