Wheeler is a town in Steuben County, New York, United States. The population was 1,263 at the 2000 census. The town is named after Captain Silas Wheeler, an early settler.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 46.1 square miles (119 km), of which, 46.1 square miles (119 km) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km) of it (0.09%) is water.
New York State Route 53 is a north-south highway through the town.
From c. 1889-1961 Wheeler was located on a railroad. The Kanona & Prattsburgh Railroad Company, the Kanona & Prattsburgh Railway Company, and the Prattsburgh Railway Corporation during the period operated an 11.44 single-track standard-gauge railroad from a connection with the Erie Railroad at Kanona to Prattsburgh. Intermediate stations included Wheeler, Beans, and Stickneys, though Wheeler was the only one with a full-time agent (until c.1930).
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,263 people, 437 households, and 335 families residing in the town. The population density was 27.4 people per square mile (10.6/km²). There were 586 housing units at an average density of 12.7 per square mile (4.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.36% White, 1.27% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.79% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.66% of the population.
There were 437 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.8% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.3% were non-families. 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.21.
In the town, the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $35,806, and the median income for a family was $37,632. Males had a median income of $27,137 versus $21,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,555. About 13.6% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.4% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.
The 1890 population was 1,084.