Wilson is a town in Niagara County, New York, United States. The population was 5,993 at the 2010 census. The town was named after an early settler, Reuben Wilson, who built and dwelt in a log cabin on the shore of Lake Ontario at the site of what would become the Village of Wilson.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 51.5 square miles (133.3 km²), of which, 49.5 square miles (128.3 km²) of it is land and 1.9 square miles (5.0 km²) of it (3.75%) is water.
The Town of Wilson is on the south shore of Lake Ontario.
North-south highway New York State Route 425 (Wilson-Cambria Road) intersects New York State Route 18 (Seaway Trail) in Wilson village.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,840 people, 2,224 households, and 1,672 families residing in the town. The population density was 117.9 people per square mile (45.5/km²). There were 2,438 housing units at an average density of 49.2/sq mi (19.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.57% White, 0.38% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.84% of the population.
There were 2,224 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.4% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the town, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $44,557, and the median income for a family was $47,180. Males had a median income of $40,750 versus $23,494 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,654. About 3.4% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.3% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.