Wolcott is a town in Wayne County, New York, United States. The population was 4,453 at the 2010 census. The town is named after Governor Oliver Wolcott of Connecticut.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.2 square miles (104.0 km²), of which, 39.3 square miles (101.8 km²) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.2 km²) of it (2.14%) is water.
The town’s north border is Lake Ontario, and the east town line is Cayuga County.
The Clinton Formation of red hematite led to the early iron production industry in the town and county.
At Red Creek, east-west highway New York State Route 104 splits off New York State Route 104A, which becomes a north-south highway near the east town line. New York State Route 370 is in the southeast part of the town.
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,453 people, 1,732 households, and 1,123 families residing in the town. The population density was 110.8 people per square mile (42.8/km²). There were 2,273 housing units at an average density of 56.5 per square mile (21.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.1% White, 3.7% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.9% of the population.
There were 1,732 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the town, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 20, 5.2% from 20 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $40,194, and the median income for a family was $46,509. Males had a median income of $39,350 versus $38,587 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,306. About 9.1% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.9% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.
There were 2,273 housing units at an average density of 56.5 per square mile (21.9/km²). 23.8% of housing units were vacant.
There were 1,732 occupied housing units in the town. 1,265 were owner-occupied units (73.0%), while 467 were renter-occupied (27.0%). The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.9% of total units. The rental unit vacancy rate was 8.7%.
NOTE: It is common for resort communities to have higher than normal vacant house counts. Many are vacation homes which are seasonal and not regularly occupied.